Improving Veterans MSK Rehabilitation Final Report
Summary: Musculoskeletal conditions are the most common medical reason for discharge from the armed forces. Many of the injuries sustained in combat can result in loss of limbs requiring amputation and prosthetics. Exposure to complex loads during training and active service can also cause biomechanical deficits which leads to a high level of hip and groin pain. These issues may develop into long-term health problems. When transitioning from the armed forces, veterans lose access to gold standard musculoskeletal (MSK) rehabilitation. During their service, they are covered by the Defence Medical Service run by Ministry of Defence (MOD), an occupational-based healthcare system with excellent purpose-built facilities and no waiting lists or complicated referral systems, in which the medical staff understand the types of injuries and illnesses that arise from active service. On leaving the service, veterans with MSK injuries or conditions find themselves in a very different world. They have to access and navigate NHS services, which can be difficult, especially for those with chronic ongoing needs that relapse periodically and deteriorate with time. This report reviews current MSK rehabilitation services for veterans and provides recommendations for a model of care that is more person-centred and holistic.
Abstract: The Department of Veterans Affairs provided help for veterans who lost their jobs during the COVID-19 pandemic. The program offered a housing stipend and 12 months of tuition and fees for veterans to retrain for high-demand occupations. More than 13,000 veterans used the program to enroll in training. VA collected a lot of data from schools and veterans on program benefits and challenges, but doesn't have any plans to use the data to formally evaluate the program. We recommended identifying lessons learned to help VA improve any veteran retraining efforts or other benefits programs where quick implementation is necessary.